There are many opportunities in the world of Microsoft Azure for cloud architects, developers and managers. This means that while you have a high chance of getting lucrative jobs in the field, you will also be up against a high level of competition. 

Clearing the Microsoft Azure certification exam is one thing, but facing a barrage of Azure interview questions is a whole other level. Take a look at the following questions, which should prepare you for the upcoming interview once you are done with the exam. There is no guarantee of all these questions coming in the interview, but preparing for them will give you an edge. 

Microsoft Azure Interview Questions:

Q1. What is cloud computing?

Cloud computing refers to the storage and access of data using the internet. No data or information is stored on the hard drive or any external storage device or a personal computer. Instead, data is easily accessible via a remote server. 

Q2. What is Azure?

Microsoft Azure is a platform for cloud computing launched in February 2010 by Microsoft. This flexible cloud solutions platform provides organisations with services like data storage, development, service management and service hosting. 

Q3. What is the importance of a Role? How many types of Roles does Azure have?

A Role is an important part of Microsoft Azure. Understanding the different types of roles that are present forms a part of the foundation for programming professionals. 

There are three types of Roles.

  • Worker Role: This allows you to execute processes that run in the system’s background.
  • Web Role: This helps in deploying websites using the langue that the IIS platform supports and is customised for running the web applications. 
  • VM Role: This helps in scheduling tasks and services. 

Q4. What are some key applications of Microsoft Azure?

Azure has many important applications and is among the most widely used cloud platforms across the world. Some key applications of this platform are Infrastructure services, mobile applications, cloud services, media services, web applications and storage, among others.

Q5. What is PaaS in the Azure context?

PaaS refers to a platform that is made up of an OS, an environment for programming language execution, web services or a database. Application providers and developers widely use PaaS offerings by Azure.

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Q6. What are the key benefits of a Traffic Manager?

  • Improved performance can be seen.
  • Negligible downtime is needed for maintenance or upgradation.
  • Azure Traffic Manager can easily be configured on Azure Portal.

Q7. What is the meaning of Break-Fix issues in Azure?

In Azure, every technical problem is known as a break-fix issue. This term is commonly used when the work involves supporting a technology due to its failure in the normal course of functioning. 

Q8. Explain Diagnostics in Azure.

Azure Diagnostics offers organisations the infrastructure for the storage of diagnostic data. In Azure, certain diagnostics get stored in a table, while others get stored within a blob. The diagnostic monitor runs on Azure and in the emulator of the computer to collect data for a certain role instance. 

Q9. Point out the differences between minimal and repetitive monitoring?

Minimal monitoring refers to a default method of configuration. It makes use of performance counters that are collected from the host’s operating system. 

Repetitive or verbose monitoring relies on the collection of performance-based metrics. It enables a closer analysis of data that is entered in the application process.

Q10. What is the key difference between a powerhouse server and a repository server?

A powerhouse server oversees the integration of various aspects of a database repository. Meanwhile, repository servers take care of a database’s consistency, uniformity and integrity.

Q11. What is the role of the Command task in Azure?

The Command task sets off a flow of one or more different procedures when the system is running. 

Q12. What are unconnected lookups?

Within an unconnected lookup, input is taken via the LKP operation. Under this method, user-defined values get disregarded.

Q13. What is the ‘cmdlet’ command in Microsoft Azure?

Cmdlet is a command used within a Microsoft PowerShell environment. This command is used in PowerShell for the automation of scripts in the command line. 

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Q14. What is the objective of the Migration Assistant in Microsoft Azure?

The Migration Assistant tool enables organisations to examine their IIS installations. It also helps in recognising which sites can be easily migrated to the cloud. It also features components that have not been migrated or are unsupported by Azure. 

Q15. What is the purpose of Azure Active Directory?

Active Directory is Microsoft Azure’s access and identity management system. It is very similar to other active directories in that it lets organisations allow access to employees for specific services and products in a network. 

Q16. What is HDInsight?

Microsoft Azure HDInsight is a cost-effective and efficient method of processing large volumes of data using open-source frameworks such as Hadoop, Spark, R, Storm and Hive. This cloud service makes data processing very easy. HDInsight provides many different scenarios including data warehousing, Machine Learning and ETL.

Q17. What is a role instance in Azure?

A virtual instance on which role configuration and the application code run together is called a role instance. One role can have several instances, all of which are defined within the file of the service configuration.

Q18. What does ‘service fabric’ mean in Azure?

Service fabric refers to a middleware platform that gives a highly scalable output. It generally renders with a reliable and managed enterprise.

Q19. What is an Availability Set?

An availability set refers to several Virtual machines that are grouped logically. An availability set allows Azure to understand how applications are built for a user, resulting in higher availability and less redundancy.

Q20. What are the different web application types that can be deployed on the Azure platform?

Several web application types can be deployed on Azure, such as PHP, ASP.net and WCF.

Q21. How many customer subscriptions are allowed in managed disks?

The number of customer subscriptions allowed is a maximum of 2000.

Q22. What is a course service definition file?

A .csdef or a course service definition file defines the mode of service. This is made up of several roles. 

Q23. What is the difference between a shortcut and a copy?

On Azure, shortcut and copied mean different things. A shortcut refers to a link that is placed on objects to save space. This dynamic link shows the changes to the original object. Copied refers to the transfer of objects from folder to folder, thus saving space. 

Q24. Which services are used for managing Azure resources?

The services used for resource management are

  • Azure Portal
  • Azure Resource Manager
  • Application Insights
  • Log Analytics

Q25. What is enterprise warehousing?

There is a phenomenon wherein data is developed by organisations with access via a singular point across the world. This is known as enterprise warehousing. It allows the linking of servers to the singular point with the help of regular handling. 

Q26. Are there any cons of using Azure?

Microsoft Azure is a dynamic platform, but there are certain limitations to it.

  • If you don’t have access to the internet or cannot connect to it, cloud computing cannot be carried out.
  • Web applications sometimes turn out to be slower when compared to accessing the software through the website.
  • Azure required greater bandwidth to download as large documents or web applications do.

Q27. What is MOSS?

MOSS is short for Microsoft SharePoint Server. It is made up of an entire version of the platform and allows users to create, manage and share the document.

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Q28. Which steps should you follow if a drive failure occurs during operations?

In a situation of drive failure, there is a series of steps you can follow, depending on the scenario.

  • The drive should be unmounted, allowing Azure Storage to function without failure.
  • The other situation is when the drive is being replaced after it has been removed. This usually results in the drive getting formatted.

Q29. Explain the differences between PROC SUMMARY and PROC MEANS.

PROC SUMMARY refers to the support statistic that gives all types of information while running simultaneously.

PROC MEANS refers to subgroups of statistics that are created with the persistence of BY.

Q30. What is the difference between a list and a library?

A list represents a series of items in the form of a table with rows and columns. Documents can be attached to this table.

A library refers to an interface that enables the management and storage of documents created in Excel, PowerPoint or Word. 

Q31. What are the applications and uses of VNET?

VNET enables a cloud professional to represent their network on the cloud, It allows logical insulation of an instance that is launched on the cloud. 

Q32. What are the key requirements for the creation of a new Virtual Machine name?

A new user name’s length should not exceed 20 characters. Also, make sure the name doesn’t have a period in the end.

Q33. What is lookup transformation?

Lookup transformation allows operators to find an outsource qualifier. This could be either a passive or an active lookup transformation.

If you prepare for these AWS Interview questions, you will have a better chance of clearing the interview. To know about more interview questions, enroll in an AWS training course today.

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Armin Vans
Archer Charles has top education industry knowledge with 4 years of experience. Being a passionate blogger also does blogging on the technology niche.

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