Top 30 SAP Interview Questions And Answers in 2019

When you are preparing for your SAP certification course, it is much easier to score higher if you are familiar with some of the most common questions asked in the exam. Here’s a handy guide to help you out.

SAP Interview Questions And Answers

1. What is ERP and How Does it Work?

ERP or Enterprise Resource Planning Software is an integrated program used to boost efficient usage of a company’s resources and to streamline the processes in various departments in a unified platform.

2. What are the Most Common ERP’s?

The most common ERP’s used by organizations are,

  • SAP


  • Baan


  • JD Edwards, Owned by Oracle


  • Siebel


  • Peoplesoft, Owned by Oracle


  • Microsoft Dynamics


3. Give a Brief Introduction about SAP

Founded in the year 1972, SAP is abbreviated as Systems Applications and Products in Data Processing. The German company is led by Hopp, Hector, Plattner, Wellenreuther and Tschira. The term SAP is used to refer to the name of the company as well as the product. It is the most popular Enterprise Resource Planner in the world with over 140,000 installations and has over 75,000 active customers spread across 120 different countries. The product has also been custom developed for 25 industry-specific applications.

4. What are the Different Types of SAP Products Available?

SAP R/3 – The successor for the popular SAP R/2 solution and is one of the most popular choices. The term refers to a three-tier architecture which comprises of Presentation, Logic and Data Tier. The number of modules are many which includes HR, SD, FI and many more to suit an organization’s needs.

mySAP–The product refers to a suite which includes SRM, PLM, CRM and SCM along with SAP R/3 as well.

5. Give a Brief on NetWeaver

NetWeaver is a convenient solution for clients as it can support all mySAP suite of products on a single, unified platform referred to as SAP Web Application Server – SAP WEBAs.

NetWeaver works on every computer using http protocol and even smartphones, saving cost and time spent in training clients to access SAP database on more complex setups.

6. What are the Different Types of Modules in SAP?

If You planning to do a SAP Certification Course, these are the modules to be aware of:

  • FI (Financial Accounting)


  • CO(Controlling)


  • EC(Enterprise Controlling)


  • TR(Treasury)


  • IM (Investment Management)


  • HR (Human Resource)


  • SD (Sales and Distribution)


  • MM (Materials Management)


7. What does Meta Data, Master Data and Transaction Data Refer to?

Meta data is a collection of data about the data stored and it simplifies the setup with Meta Objects and provides an overview of the structure of the data. Master data refers to vital information including customer data, employee info, materials available and so on. It is used as reference data to streamline production and shipping by using customer info in an efficient manner.

Transaction data refers to data that keeps track of everyday transactions.

8. Does SAP Act as a Database?

SAP is not a database but it is a software platform which makes it easier to access other databases like Oracle, SQL server and find required information quickly. A SAP Certification is necessary to work with these databases.

9. How Many SAP Sessions Can Run Simultaneously?

For a particular client, you can run up to 6 sessions at a time.

10. What Does Transaction Refer to in SAP Terminology?

Transaction refers to a series of logically connected dialog steps in SAP terms and individuals can learn all about transaction while undergoing a SAP Course.

11. Is it Possible to Run Business Warehouse Without Implementing SAP R/3?

Yes, it is possible to have business warehouse running without using SAP R/3. The setup can be achieved by transferring ODS table, Infocube and other warehouse data sources to inbound data files. It can also be done using a third-party tool to establish a connection between flat files and the respective data sources.

12. What does Datasets Refer to?

Datasets refer to sequential files processed on an application server and are essential for handling files in SAP.

13. What does Variables Refer to?

Variables are a set of parameters that pertain to a specific query. They are set to adhere to the parameters in a query definition. They will not have any value until the respective queries are entered in the workbooks.

14. What are the Different Types of Variables Available?

The type of variables used will change based on the application.

  • Characteristics variable


  • Hierarchies


  • Hierarchy nodes


  • Text


  • Formulas


  • Processing Types


  • Replacement Path


  • User entry/default type


What are the Cons of Using SAP?

  • An expensive solution


  • Required experienced employees to handle it


  • Takes time to be implemented


  • Complex interfaces are not easy to understand


  • Doesn’t have the capability to find the location of master data


15. Where are T-Code Name and Program Values Stored?

Use the code st11 to view the transaction table TSTC and by using se93 you can define a new t-code

16. How does OLAP Differ from Data Mining?

OLAP is abbreviated as Online Analytical Processing which is a reporting tool. It is used to know more about database schema, dimensions and composition facts. Data Mining is an analytic process which makes it easier to find a systematic relationship or consistent pattern in variables.

17. What are the Three Important Stages of Data Mining?

They are,

  • Initial Exploration


  • Model building


  • Deployment


18. What are the Different Layers Found in R/3 system?

With a SAP certification, an individual can become proficient on these layers:

  • Presentation Layer


  • Database layer


  • Application layer


19. How do you create a table in the Data Directory?

There are the steps you should follow to create a table.

  • Create domains (data type, field length, range)


  • Create data elements (Properties and type for a table field)


  • Create tables (SE 11)


What is AWB?

AWB is abbreviated as Administrator Workbench which is a tool used to monitor, control and maintain every process that is connected with data staging and business information warehousing.

20. What is Bex and What Does it do?

Bex stands for Business Explorer which simplifies the process of locating reports, analyzing information and allowing a user to view reports as well as execute queries. The queries can be categorized into respective roles when saved on the Bex browser. The setup consists of Bex analyzer, Bex Map and Bex web.

21. How important is ODS in BIW?

An ODS object allows user to save debugged and consolidated transaction data on a document level. The object refers to consolidated data set from the same source or multiple sources. It can be evaluated with the help of Bex query or Infoset query.Any data that belongs to the ODS object can be updated using delta update into Info Cubes or can also be updated in the same system or different systems. Compared to Infocubes which uses multidimensional data storage, ODS object uses flat, transparent data tables.

22. How does Domain Differ from Data Element?

Data Element is an intermediate object that is found between a domain and table type while Domain refers to different attributes like length, type, and possible value range.

23. What do SET parameters and GET Parameters Stand for?

In order to use parameter IDs, a coder should first ‘set’ values so that they can ‘get’ values from global memory area for a particular parameter ID. In an online program scenario, set values in screen fields help get values for them when requested.

24. What does ALE, IDOC, EDI, RFC stand for?

When you do a SAP course, you will learn that these abbreviations stand for:

  • ALE: Application Link enabling


  • IDOC: Intermediary documents


  • EDI: Electronic data interchange


  • RFC: Remote function call


25. What LUW (Logical Unit of Work) do?

LUW refers to the specific time during which either database records are committed with changes or rollback to a previous version.

26. What is BDC? What Are the Methods Used in it?

BDC is Batch Data Communication and the different methods are,

  • Direct Input Method


  • Batch Input Session Method


  • Call transaction Method


27. What is Baseline Date in SAP AR and AP?

Baseline date refers to the time from which payment terms are applicable. In most scenarios, it refers to the document date found on the invoice. Sometimes, it is the date of entry or posting date found on ledger.

28. What do One-Time Vendors Refer to?

In select industries, vendors change and it is impossible to create master records for one-time transactions. One-time vendor generates a dummy vendor code. It can be used for invoice entry and all the essential information will be stored on the invoice, not the vendor master as it is usually done.

29. Explain Business Content in SAP terms

If you have a SAP Certification, you would know that models of information that are pre-defined or pre-configured are known as Business Content. They are contained in a SAP warehouse.

30. Which Protocol is Used by the SAP Gateway Process

The TCP/IP protocol is used by the SAP Gateway process with the aim for communicating with clients.