ISO 14001 [EMS] Lead Auditor Quiz Questions and Answers

What are all the Key Changes in the New Standard?

Answer :
  • A) The emphasis on leadership &  The focus on risk management
    B) Emphasis on objectives measurement and change
    C) Communication, awareness &  life cycle prescriptive
    All of the above

Explanation :

Changes to ISO 14001:2015 Leadership - To ensure the success of the system, a new clause has been added that assigns specific responsibilities for those in leadership roles to promote environmental management within the organization. Communication – The development of a communications strategy with equal emphasis on external and internal communications has been added. Lifecycle thinking – In addition to the current requirement to manage environmental aspects associated with procured goods and service, organizations will need to extend its control and influence to the environmental impacts associated with product use and end-of-life treatment or disposal.

What is the first version of ISO related Environment management system ?

Answer :
  • ISO 14001:1996

Explanation :

In 1996, ISO (International Organization for Standardization) issued the first edition of ISO 14001:1996. ISO has revised several publications, including but not limited to increasing words and definitions, linking environmental effect to aspects, and the second edition of ISO 14001:2004 was released in 2004. Later, the organisation has made several modifications from the 2004 edition, including increasing the clauses from 4 to 10, and in 2015, publishing a new version of ISO 14001:2015 (formerly known as ISO 14001:2004).

Formula for Significant Aspect calculation is common through out the world. Above statement True or False ?

Answer :
  • FALSE

Explanation :

There are many techniques available for conducting an evaluation to determine the significance of environmental aspects. In assessing the significance aspects you should consider potential to cause environmental harm, importance to the stakeholders of the organization, requirements of relevant environmental legislation, size and frequency of the aspect. Each organization must establish its own criteria for significance based on a systematic review of its environmental aspects and their actual and potential impacts.

What is an outcome of an EMS?

Answer :
  • A) Fulfillment of compliance obligations
    B) Address risks and opportunities
    C) Enhanced environmental performance
    All of the above

Explanation :

Fulfillment of compliance obligations, Address risks and opportunities & Enhanced environmental performance. In address risk & opportunities,  Consider in planning the EMS the context of the organization and the scope of the system, Determine risk and opportunities relating to environmental aspects, compliance obligations, and other issues and requirements identified and Also, consider potential emergency situations which could arise and constitute a risk.

Number of Terms &  Definition are higher than the old version of ISO 14001:2004. Above statement is True or False?

Answer :
  • TRUE

Explanation :

The ISO 14001:2015 standard extends the list of terms and definitions from the ISO 14001:2004 standard, combining the mandated HLS terms and definitions together with the more specific terms and definitions associated with environmental management systems. Some of the terms & definition from ISO 14001:2015 includes, Top management, interested party, environmental objective, compliance obligations etc.,

ISO 14001:2015 – Why was the standard revised?

Answer :
  • Market relevance, Ease of use & Flexibility

Explanation :

Market relevance - Any Management System Standard should meet the needs of, and add value for, the primary users and other affected parties. Compatibility - Compatibility between various Management System Standards and within a Management System family should be maintained. Flexibility - should be applicable to organizations in all relevant sectors and cultures and organizations of every size.

What is Environmental Aspect?

Answer :
  • Environmental aspect is a way your activity, service, or product impacts the environment.

Explanation :

In the language of ISO 14001, “an environmental aspect is an element of an organization’s activities, products, or services that has or may have an impact on the environment. "That means, An environmental aspect is a way your activity, service, or product impacts the environment. The activity can be defined as “A Task or Operation general occurring within the Organization.

Internal issues Internal Transportation (From department to department) Risk Usage of fuel may increase Opportunities Savings on resources Above statement from Risk & Opportunities - True or False?

Answer :
  • TRUE

Explanation :

Here we mention some of the risk & opportunities based on internal issues. First, internal transportation from one department to another department for example, Raw material shifts from raw material storage yard to production unit. Identified risk  - Usage of fuel may increase. Available opportunities for the concerned risk- Savings on resources.

Which of the following is true about ISO?

Answer :
  • A) ISO stands for the International Organization for Standardization
    B) Located in Geneva, Switzerland.
    C) ISO promotes the development and implementation of voluntary international standards for particular products and management issues.
    All of the above

Explanation :

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is a non-profit organization dedicated to developing standards throughout the world. It's based in Geneva, Switzerland, and was founded in 1947. Its goal is to establish standards that people worldwide would recognize and accept to promote and encourage national and international trade.

Environmental policy should include which of the following?

Answer :
  • Continual Improvement, Pollution prevention & Compliance with relevant laws and regulations

Explanation :

The ISO 14001 environmental policy outlines the overall intentions and direction of how the company will relate to its effect on the environment. This statement needs to come from top management since it is a primary directive for how every individual in the company will perform their job in relation to environmental impact.